Maurras, Charles

(1868-1952)
   writer, political figure
   Born in Martigues, Charles Maurras was a Provençal influenced by the writings of Frédéric mistral and the ideas of maurice barrès, ernest renan, and anatole France. In his own writings, he expressed his love for the culture of ancient Greece and the cult of order and reason. His L'Avenir de l'intelligence (1900) and Anthinéa (1901) are reflections on human nature and the decline of democracy, as well as of art; he was particularly critical of romanticism (Romanticisme et Révolution, 1925). His own neoclassicism is expressed in his Enquête sur la monarchie (1909), which appeared after the Dreyfus affair (see alfred dreyfus) and inaugurated his Action française movement (1908-44), of which he was the driving force. In all his political writings, done in a forceful dialectical style, Maurras waged a relentless war against the revolution of 1789, the 19th century, romanticism, the third republic, foreigners in France, Freemasons, and Jews (Mes Idées politiques, 1937). An outspoken monarchist, Maurras held a position that is summarized in the motto of the Action française: "Classicism, Monarchy, Catholicism." He even wished to restore Catholicism as the state religion of France. Nonetheless, his writings were put on the Index, the Catholic Church's list of forbidden readings. Maurras, who with his Action française appealed to the most conservative of the French bourgeoisie, supported Benito Mussolini and Francisco Franco, and subsequently collaborated with the vichy regime. For this, he was sentenced to life imprisonment (1945), but he was released shortly before his death. Maurras was elected to the Académie Française in 1938, but he was expelled in 1945.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • MAURRAS, CHARLES° — (1868–1952), French nationalist writer and antisemitic politician. In association with daudet ,   Maurras founded L Action française – both the newspaper and the movement by that name. His call for a return to the traditional values of la vieille …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Maurras, Charles — ▪ French writer and political theorist born April 20, 1868, Martigues, France died Nov. 16, 1952, Tours       French writer and political theorist, a major intellectual influence in early 20th century Europe whose “integral nationalism”… …   Universalium

  • Maurras, Charles — ► (1868 1952) Escritor y político francés. Ardiente defensor de la monarquía tradicional, colaboró con la extrema derecha y puso su talento al servicio de su ideología, en sus artículos en L´Action Française y en sus libros: Encuesta sobre la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Maurras, Charles (-Marie-Photius) — born April 20, 1868, Martigues, France died Nov. 16, 1952, Tours French writer and political theorist. In 1891 he cofounded a group of poets opposed to the Symbolist movement and later known as the école romane. An ardent monarchist, he cofounded …   Universalium

  • Maurras, Charles (-Marie-Photius) — (20 abr. 1868, Martigues, Francia–16 nov. 1952, Tours). Escritor y teórico político francés. En 1891 cofundó un grupo de poetas contrario al movimiento simbolista y más tarde conocido como la école romane. Fervoroso monárquico, cofundó L Action… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Charles Maurras — in his library Born 20 April 1868(1868 04 20) Martigues, Bouches du Rhône, France Died 16 November 1952(1952 11 16) (aged 84) Tours, France Region …   Wikipedia

  • Maurras — Charles Maurras Charles Maurras (* 20. April 1868 in Martigues; † 16. November 1952 in Tours) war ein französischer Schriftsteller und politischer Publizist. Der Name und das Wirken Maurras waren nach 1944 in Frankreich jahrzehntelang quasi tabu …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • MAURRAS (C.) — MAURRAS CHARLES (1868 1952) Arrivant à Paris, après de brillantes études au collège religieux d’Aix, le jeune Charles Maurras, d’une famille de petite bourgeoisie provençale, débute obscurément dans le journalisme. Quatre ans plus tard, dans la… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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